Bonner Querschnitte 29/2009 Ausgabe 113


Endlich: Ein Roma wird Doktor der Medizin

Das Roma-Programm von Gebende Hände und Comenius-Institut in der Tschechischen Republik

(Bonn, 19.10.2009) Als Beitrag gegen den vorherrschenden Rassismus gegenüber den Roma und Sinti in Osteuropa hat das Hilfswerk Gebende Hände einem Roma aus armen Verhältnis zum Medizinstudium und nun zum Erhalt des medizinischen Doktors verholfen. Zusammen mit dem tschechischen Think Tank ‚Comenius-Institut‘, das einheimische Christen zusammen mit dem Martin Bucer Seminar und dem International Institute for Christian Studies betreiben, will Gebende Hände sowohl die Lebensgrundlage der Roma verbessern, als auch ihnen mehr gesellschaftliche Anerkennung verschaffen.

Der Direktor des Comenius Instituts, Prof. Dr. Thomas K. Johnson, äußerte anlässlich der Promotion von Vladimír Cervenák an der Prager Karls-Universität, dass die Unterstützung angesichts des Wachstums der rechtsradikalen Neonaziszene in der Tschechischen Republik von großer symbolischer Bedeutung sei. Man verhelfe den Roma zu neuer Würde und zudem könne sich Cervenák als Arzt der vielfachen medizinischen Probleme der Roma widmen.

Wie der Kuratoriumsvorsitzende von Gebende Hände, Prof. Thomas Schirrmacher, anlässlich der Promotion erklärte, denke man bei Rassismus in Europa allzuoft nur an die Vergangenheit, etwa an die Judenverfolgung im Dritten Reich oder an die Sklaverei in den USA. Die Verachtung und Unterdrückung der Roma und Sinti sei aber neben der Verfolgung der Juden und der Schwarzen eine der drei weltweit und seit Jahrhunderten anzutreffenden Vorurteile und sei auch heute noch in weiten Teilen Europas anzutreffen.

Detaillierter Bericht (in Englisch)

A disturbing part of social life in much of eastern and southern Europe is the situation of the Roma (also called Romani or Gypsies). Descended from immigrants from northern India (and maybe Pakistan) in the middle ages, there are now several million living on the margins of society, often in isolated ghetto-like conditions or separate villages. Only a small fraction of Roma children graduate from secondary schools, although under Communism, at least some of the countries forced all children to attend school, and provided them, like other citizens, with all required basics such as textbooks and the compulsory uniform.

Many Roma have faced discrimination and prejudice from both private groups and national Governments. The Roma suffer the worst health conditions in the industrialized world together with some of the worst health problems associated with the third world. Rates of both infectious and non-communicable diseases are high. The proportion of Roma living in poverty exceeds 75% in countries throughout the region. There are reports of some living in caves and old shipping containers.

Little education, massive unemployment, discrimination, isolation, extreme poverty, terrible health conditions: the situation invites reactions, whether in compassion or in hostility.

The hostile reaction is seen in the way some neo-Nazi and skin-head type political gangs have talked about sending the Roma to concentration camps, as recently as 2008. The following is taken from an advertisement for a protest against Czech neo-Nazis:

Wednesday 10. 12. 2008
Meeting at 18:00 nám?stí Jana Palacha, Prague

You are warmly welcomed to a public gathering being convened by the civic association Tolerance a ob?anská spole?nost (Tolerance and Civil Society) Opens external link in new on the 60th anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The aim of this gathering is to draw attention to the rising neo-Nazism, racism and xenophobia which draws its strength from indifference.

For the first time since the WWII, neo-Nazis are marching through the streets of Czech towns intent on committing violence, spreading fear and provoking armed conflicts to an unusual extent. The neo-Nazis have found active supporters among ordinary people, and the passivity others only confirms that hatred, aggression and “battle for the white race” is legitimate, welcomed by society, and offends no one.

This year the neo-Nazis’ target has become the Roma; last year it was Jewish people. Next year it could be any of us. If we close our eyes to the neo-Nazi attacks, we endanger our own freedom, we endanger this democracy, and we become complicit in this state of affairs.

Let’s set aside what divides us and realize what unites us. Let’s say NO to racism and neo-Nazism.

While the reality of the problem has been noticed for many years, very recently the European Union has worked to provide documentation of the true extent, which has been published in the European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey 2009, distributed by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. The documented levels of discrimination should be disturbing for any responsible citizen, and some of the very worst discrimination in all of Europe is against the Roma in the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia.

The problem is clearly multifaceted. The widespread discrimination and poverty finds its counterpart in the internal cultural patterns of the Roma people, who have not always pursued excellence in education and hard work. On a few occasions the reputation of the Roma as “tramps and thieves” has been earned, though many are also honest citizens and good neighbors.

Solving a problem of this magnitude is far beyond the capacity of any person or agency. But the situation will not get better unless all the regional organizations with humane principles respond in compassion. A few years ago Giving Hands of Germany partnered with the Comenius Institute of Prague to sponsor university level education for a small number of Roma who are ready for advanced studies. The project is beginning to bear important fruit. In June, 2009, a Roma student in this program received his Doctor of Medicine degree from the medical faculty of Charles University in Prague. He will be one of the first Roma doctors of medicine in the region. We hope that he will be able to provide medical care in a Roma area, after completing his practicum in a Czech medical clinic. He should help with some of the serious medical need among the Roma, provide a good role model for young Roma, and help earn respect for the Roma people in the wider area in a manner that reduces prejudice.

In a report to Giving Hands, the Comenius Institute Director, Prof. Thomas K. Johnson included the following explanation: “One of the reasons our little Roma student program is very important symbolically is the growth of neo-Nazism in the area, some of which is specifically and openly anti-Roma. There was recently an anti-Roma riot, very strange, something hardly seen in Europe since the 1930s. We Christians want to help send Roma to universities to get good educations, not to concentration camps. Thank you for your crucial role.”
Whether we decide to respond to the Roma in compassion or in hostility is influenced by our view of human dignity. The Giving Hand/Comenius Institute program is based on the Christian view that all humans have a God-given dignity, because all people are created in the image of God. The need is immense. We would invite other civic organizations to do all they can to assist the Roma to reach their full potential; we would also invite other civic organizations to give an account of why they believe in human dignity, the basis for human rights and a humane way of life.

Dr. Johnson articulated his view of human dignity in his book Human Rights: A Christian Primer, World Evangelical Alliance, 2008. This book is available as a free download at the homepage of Martin Bucer Seminary, Opens internal link in current


  • Initiates file downloadBild 1: Vladimír Cervenák und ein hochrangiger Repräsentant der Karls-Universität
  • Initiates file downloadBild 2: Vladimír Cervenák erhält seinen Doktor der Medizin
  • Initiates file downloadBild 3: Vladimír Cervenák, M.D., nachdem er seinen Abschluss erhalten hat
  • Initiates file downloadBild 4: Vladimír Cervenák und seine Familie nach der Graduierung